On Monday 19 November, over 70 countries around the world celebrated International Men's Day, an annual rallying cry aiming to draw attention to some of the most important issues facing men in the 21st Century.
This year, the theme of the event is Positive Male Role Models and companies and public sector organisations across the country, and indeed the world, joined together to help bring attention to examples of positive influences for men, particularly with regards to International Men's Day's six pillars: male role models, the positive contribution of men in society, men's health, improving gender relations, highlighting discrimination against men, and creating a safer world.
We often hear about the crisis in mental health among men, but that's far from the only field where modern men are struggling. Here are just a few of the shocking statistics around male life in 2018.
On average, over 8 men in Australia take their lives every single day
Mental health in men is an area which is finally gaining the recognition and attention it deserves after a series of high profile campaigns from governments, businesses, and spokespeople. And there's some evidence to show that we're starting to see some results, particularly in young men.
Suicide remains the leading cause of death for Australians aged between 15 and 44.
DEATHS BY SUICIDE
• The overall suicide rate in 2015 was 12.6 per 100,000 in Australia. This is the highest rate in 10-plus years
• The most recent Australian data (ABS, Causes of Death, 2015) reports deaths due to suicide in 2015 at 3,027
• This equates to more than eight deaths by suicide in Australia each day
• Deaths by suicide in Australia occur among males at a rate three times greater than that for females. However, during the past decade, there has been an increase in suicide deaths by females
• The suicide rate amongst Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples is more than double the national rate. In 2015, suicide accounted for 5.2% of all Indigenous deaths compared to 1.8% for non-Indigenous people
• For every death by suicide, it is estimated that as many as 30 people attempt to end their lives
• That is approximately 65,300 suicide attempts each year
In 2013, the Gay Men's Health Survey found 3% of gay men and 5% of bisexual men attempted suicide that year, compared to 0.4% of heterosexual men.
One in five men die before they hit 65
It's not just mental health where men are in need of intervention. Physical health is also an important talking point for International Men's Day.
According to a report compiled by Men's Health Forum in 2014 and revised in 2017, 19% of men die before their 65th birthday. The biggest cause of death in men is cancer, followed by circulatory diseases.
Men are 14%c more likely to get cancer than women and they're 37% more likely to die from the disease. The most common type of cancer in men is prostate cancer which accounts for 25% of all male cancer cases and 13% of deaths from cancer.
Part of the problem is that men are less likely to acknowledge illness and don't know as much about their health. Men between the ages of 20 and 40 are half as likely to go to the doctor than women in the same age bracket. Men were also less likely to know about their health status, be able to spot cancer warning signs, and read about medication before taking it.
Men also smoke and drink more than women.
Men are twice as likely to be a victim of violent crime
That's according to a 2013 report from the UK Office Of National Statistics, which found that trend also holds true in children. Men also make up around 78% of the perpetrators of violent crime, according to the ONS.
A 2009 UK policing report found that around two thirds of murder victims are men.
While women are significantly more likely to suffer domestic abuse than men, that's not to say that men aren't also victimised in their own homes. Just over 13% of men say they've been a victim of domestic abuse at some point in their lives. In fact, in every three reports of domestic abuse, one victim is male.
Again, this is significantly more of a problem in the gay community. In 2008/09 6.2% of gay and bisexual men said they'd suffered domestic abuse, compared to 3.3% of heterosexual men.
But men are also significantly less likely to tell anyone if they've suffered domestic abuse. 10% will tell the police (compared to 26% of women), 11% will tell a health professional (compared to 23% of women), and 23% will tell someone else in a position of authority (compared to 46% of women.)
There is also a significant dearth of support for men suffering from domestic abuse. In the UK there are a total of 93 spaces offering refuge or safe houses for male victims of domestic violence, and only 22 of these are male only. For women, there are around 4,000 of these refuges. There is no refuge for men in London.
Around 1,000 men are raped every month
In a year when high profile male victims of sexual harassment, such as Terry Crews and Anthony Rapp, have come forward about their experiences, it's also worth shining a light on the fact that it isn't just women who suffer from sexual violence.
According to a 2017 crime survey by the UK ONS, in 2017 alone there were around 138,000 reports of sexual assaults against men that year. It's also likely this could be an underestimation due to men not coming forward about their assaults. The charity Rape Crisis found that every year, an average of around 1,000 men are raped every month in England and Wales alone.
This is a particular problem in the gay community. According to a survey from the Gay Men's Health Project 62% of gay men have been groped without consent, and 30% described themselves as a "a survivor of sexual assault, abuse or rape."
In addition, according to the UK Government's revenge porn helpline, around a quarter of victims of revenge porn (the sharing of explicit photos and images by an ex or current partner) are men.
One in every five victims of forced marriage is a man, according to a report from ONS statistics.
Around one million children in the UK have no contact with their fathers
According to the ONS there are about 2.8 million lone-parent families. Of these families, the percentage being headed by men has stayed at around 10pc over the past decade according to Gingerbread, a resource centre for single-parent families. The Centre for Social Justice estimated that around one million children in the UK are living with no contact with their father at all. A 2008 report found that the vast majority of single parents don't receive child support payments.
But that's not to say that some fathers aren't trying. The Nuffield Foundation reported in 2015 that 96pc parents fighting in court for access to their children are fathers.
86pc of rough sleepers are men
Homelessness is an issue which disproportionately affects men. A 2017 study from the Ministry of Housing, Communities and Social Affairs found that 86% of rough sleepers are men.
Homeless charity Crisis also reports that 84% of hidden homeless people (people who are at risk of eviction, sofa-surfing at friends and family, or living in unsatisfactory conditions) are men.
Figures compiled earlier this year found that between 2013 and 2017 the amount of homeless people who've died on the streets or in temporary accommodation has doubled and around 90pc of those deaths were men.
This article was originally published on Daily Telegraph UK, Australian statistics provided by Lifeline<center>